GMAT OG2017新增语法第696题目解析

GMAT OG2017新增语法第696题目解析

发布时间:2016-06-22 11:26:20字体: 文章来源:海翔GMAT培训

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GMAT OG2017新增语法第697题:

OG17_GMAT复习资料_GMAT考试资料

 

697. A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there.

A. on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there

B. about the books James Baldwin wrote in France

C. into James Baldwin's books written while in France

D. on the books of James Baldwin, written while he lived in France

E. the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France

 

思路:

提主干:a professor has taken a sabbatical (大学老师的公休假) to research, 这里research做动词表示教授休假的目的,可知本题考了research 做动词(相当于study) 的用法:按照OG的官方解析,research应该直接跟宾语,不需要加介词,马上选E;但如果考试中不知道这个用法,就从选项的其他区别入手:A的表达太过啰嗦,research即便按照更宽泛的语法可以接介词,也是接in/into/on,不能接about,还是用词错误;C是省略结构,while后面省略了主句的主语和be动词,补全是while the professor was in France, 语义错误,排除; D选项while he中的he指代的是主句主语a professor,语义也错误,排除

正确答案E

考点:用词(research sth),省略结构,代词(做主语的代词如何指代),简洁性

 

正确句子:

A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France.

句意:一位大学教授休了七年一次的假期sabbatical)来研究James Baldwin住在法国时写下的著作。(James wrote while he lived in France是修饰books的定语从句,因为bookswrote的宾语,所以引导词that被省略了)

 

每个错误选项的问题:

A. on James Baldwin's books that Baldwin wrote in France while he was living there

research做动词应该直接跟宾语,不需要介词;已经用所有格表达了书是谁的,又在定语从句重复一遍是James写的,表达太过啰嗦

B. about the books James Baldwin wrote in France

research做动词应该直接跟宾语,不需要介词;ADE选项都有live这个词,这里没有就少了“他当时住在法国”这层语义

C. into James Baldwin's books written while in France

research做动词应该直接跟宾语,不需要介词;while后面省略了主句的主语和be动词,补全是while the professor was in France, 语义错误;James Baldwin’s books表达的意思是书是属于James的,不一定是他写的,语义不精确;ADE选项都有live这个词,这里没有就少了“他当时住在法国”这层语义

D. on the books of James Baldwin, written while he lived in France

research做动词应该直接跟宾语,不需要介词;books of James Baldwin可能表达James拥有的书/关于James的书的语义,不如E的修饰精确;while he中的he指代的是主句主语a professor,语义也错误

 

本题可以积累的用词:

research (v.): ~ sth 不需要接介词

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