智哥GMAT阅读百篇精解_第17篇

智哥GMAT阅读百篇精解_第17篇

发布时间:2017-08-21 14:38:49字体: 文章来源:智哥GMAT阅读精讲

【文/海翔GMAT名师jason,李智强】转载请注明出处,如未注明,我们会寻求法律途径保护该文章的知识产权。

 

PREP 07 Practice 1 Essay 172163

【题目纯享】

Many people believe that because wages are lower in developing countries than in developed countries, competition from developing countries in goods traded internationally will soon eliminate large numbers of jobs in developed countries. Currently, developed countries' advanced technology results in higher productivity, which accounts for their higher wages. Advanced technology is being transferred ever more speedily across borders, but even with the latest technology, productivity and wages in developing countries will remain lower than in developed countries for many years because developed countries have better infrastructure and better-educated workers. When productivity in a developing country does catch up, experience suggests that wages there will rise. Some individual firms in developing countries have raised their productivity but kept their wages (which are influenced by average productivity in the country's economy) low. However, in a developing country's economy as a whole, productivity improvements in goods traded internationally are likely to cause an increase in wages. Furthermore, if wages are not allowed to rise, the value of the country's currency will appreciate, which (from the developed countries' point of view) is the equivalent of increased wages in the developing country. And although in the past a few countries have deliberately kept their currencies undervalued, that is now much harder to do in a world where capital moves more freely.

 

Question 56700-800

The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) identify the origin of a common misconception

(B) discuss the implications of a generally accepted principle

(C) present information relevant in evaluating a commonly held belief

(D) defend a controversial assertion against a variety of counterarguments

(E) explain under what circumstances a well-known phenomenon occurs

 

Question 57800+

The passage suggests that if the movement of capital in the world were restricted, which of the following would be likely?

(A) Advanced technology could move more quickly from developed countries to developing countries.

(B) Developed countries could compete more effectively for jobs with developing countries.

(C) A country's average wages could increase without significantly increasing the sophistication of its technology or the value of its currency.

(D) A country's productivity could increase without significantly increasing the value of its currency.

(E) Workers could obtain higher wages by increasing their productivity.

 

Question 58

The passage suggests that which of the following would best explain why, in a developing country, some firms that have raised their productivity continue to pay low wages?

(A) Wages are influenced by the extent to which productivity increases are based on the latest technology.

(B) Wages are influenced by the extent to which labor unions have organized the country's workers.

(C) Wages are not determined by productivity improvements in goods traded internationally.

(D) The average productivity of the workers in the country has not risen.

(E) The education level of the workers in the country determines wages.

 


 

【参考答案】:CDD

【智哥精解】

PREP 07 Practice 1 Essay 17216字,短文,3个题

Many people believe that because wages are lower in developing countries than in developed countries, competition from developing countries in goods traded internationally will soon eliminate large numbers of jobs in developed countries. Currently, developed countries' advanced technology results in higher productivity, which accounts for their higher wages. Advanced technology is being transferred ever more speedily across borders, but even with the latest technology, productivity and wages in developing countries will remain lower than in developed countries for many years because developed countries have better infrastructure and better-educated workers. When productivity in a developing country does catch up, experience suggests that wages there will rise. Some individual firms in developing countries have raised their productivity but kept their wages (which are influenced by average productivity in the country's economy) low. However, in a developing country's economy as a whole, productivity improvements in goods traded internationally are likely to cause an increase in wages. Furthermore, if wages are not allowed to rise, the value of the country's currency will appreciate, which (from the developed countries' point of view) is the equivalent of increased wages in the developing country. And although in the past a few countries have deliberately kept their currencies undervalued, that is now much harder to do in a world where capital moves more freely.

 


 

【参考译文】

很多人认为由于发展中国家的工资低于发达国家,来自发展中国家的在国际上的商品贸易的竞争会很快消除发达国家的大量工作。目前,发达国家的领先技术水平导致了更高的产能,从而导致了他们的高工资。先进技术更快跨国界转移,但是即使有了最新的技术发展中国家的生产力和工资将会比发达国家在很多年都保持在更低的水准,因为发达国家有更好的基础设施和良好教育的工人。发展中国家的生产力水平赶上来时,经验表明工资也会上升。一些发展中国家的私营公司会提高他们的生产力但是保持工资低水平这是国家经济平均生产力影响)。但是,在一个发展中国家的经济作为整体来说,在国际化贸易的商品的生产力提升有可能导致工资上涨。而且,如果工资不允许上涨的话,这个国家的货币价值会增值发达国家的观点来看,这相当于是发展中国家的工资上涨。尽管在过去只有一些国家故意保持他们的货币在低估值,但是目前资本更加自由流动的世界是更难这么做了。

 


 

【文章脉络】:

很多人认为在发展中国家的低工资和交易的国际化会让发达国家的工作数量下降——发达国家先进的技术会导致高产量而后会有高工资——就算技术在相同,发达国家员工的工资还是比发展中国家的工人高——不过,当产量一致时,工资就理应增高——就算不增高也会货币升值——过去有国家故意维持货币估值,但现在很难了

 

Question 56700-800

The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) identify the origin of a common misconception

(B) discuss the implications of a generally accepted principle

(C) present information relevant in evaluating a commonly held belief

(D) defend a controversial assertion against a variety of counterarguments

(E) explain under what circumstances a well-known phenomenon occurs

主旨题。考点:

主旨(Main idea) 旨在考察我们对文章整体的把握程度,对文章的结构的分析能力和把控能力,以及对作者逻辑的判断。

文章的主要意思在上面已经提到了,这里不再赘述。

选项分析:

(A) 确定一个共同的误解的起源。作者没有明确说明第一句是个误解,就算勉强算是个误解,中也没有说明这个误解的起源。

(B) 讨论一个大家都接受的原理的隐含的含义。作者没有说明第一句暗含什么,而是说大家的一个看法是否正确

(C) Correct. 展示评估一个大众看法的相关信息。作者在后文其实暗含第一句提到的说法有些不妥,因为只要产量上升,原则上发展中国家的工人工资也会上升。所以是在评估第一段所提到的说法(是否正确

(D) 维护一个有争议的论断以免受各种各样的反对意见。作者不是要维护第一句话而是要反驳。

(E) 解释在什么时候一个众所周知的现象会产生。文章中没有提及某种现象,就算把第一句的内容勉强当作现象,后文也并没有描述这个现象是怎么产生的。而且作者的核心意图不是要解释这个,而是要反驳这个。

 

Question 57800+

The passage suggests that if the movement of capital in the world were restricted, which of the following would be likely?

(A) Advanced technology could move more quickly from developed countries to developing countries.

(B) Developed countries could compete more effectively for jobs with developing countries.

(C) A country's average wages could increase without significantly increasing the sophistication of its technology or the value of its currency.

(D) A country's productivity could increase without significantly increasing the value of its currency.

(E) Workers could obtain higher wages by increasing their productivity.

细节题。考点:

推断(Inference) 旨在考察我们对文章的深度理解,以及逻辑推断能力。

这个题目的定位在文章的最后一句And although in the past a few countries have deliberately kept their currencies undervalued, that is now much harder to do in a world where capital moves more freely. 意思资本自由流动——就不容易控制货币价值,这个题就是让求其否命题,“资本严格限制——就能控制货币是否升值(也就是能故意货币升值”,也即就算是增加了生产力,也可以控制货币价值不上涨。

选项分析:

(A) 先进的技术会从发达国家向发展中国家转移的更快。前沿技术会不会转移和资金是否能被限制无关。

(B) 发达国家比发展中国家更有效地竞争工作。是否能竞争到工作机会是原文第一句话说的内容,这个最后一句话的资金是否限制没有关系。

(C) 一个国家的平均工资可能会上升但原因不是显著的提高了技术的熟练度或是其货币的价值。文中作者没有提到过技术的熟练度。

(D) Correct. 一个国家的产量可以提升而不因为货币价值的上升。考点中已经分析过了,就是求个否命题,货币价值可以不上涨。

(E) 工人可以通过提升产量来拿到更高的工资。这句话是对的,但是和这里的资金的流通性是否受限制无关。

 

Question 58

The passage suggests that which of the following would best explain why, in a developing country, some firms that have raised their productivity continue to pay low wages?

(A) Wages are influenced by the extent to which productivity increases are based on the latest technology.

(B) Wages are influenced by the extent to which labor unions have organized the country's workers.

(C) Wages are not determined by productivity improvements in goods traded internationally.

(D) The average productivity of the workers in the country has not risen.

(E) The education level of the workers in the country determines wages.

细节题。考点:

推断(Inference) 旨在考察我们对文章的深度理解,以及逻辑推断能力。

这个题目定位在“Some individual firms in developing countries have raised their productivity but kept their wages (which are influenced by average productivity in the country's economy) low. ”。最主要的地方时括号里面的句子。

从其中可知,员工的工资是受国家经济的平均生产力的影响的,而并不是只受到自己的产量影响。

选项分析:

(A) 工资是基于最新的技术所提升的产量的程度所影响的。文中说“but even with the latest technology, productivity and wages in developing countries will remain lower than in developed countries”。这句话说的是最新的技术与工资的高低无关。换句话说,技术的高低并不是决定工资多少的原因。

(B) 工资是受劳工会组织工人的范围所影响的。文中没有提到过劳工会的信息。

(C) 工资不受到在国际货物交易中产量的提升的影响。这个选项可以定位在“However, in a developing country's economy as a whole, productivity improvements in goods traded internationally are likely to cause an increase in wages. ”。定位句说明了是受到影响的。

(D) Correct. 全国工人平均的生产量没有上升。考点中定位句的括号部分解释了为什么产量生而工人的工资不升是因为受到整个国家平均水平的影响。

(E) 受到教育的程度决定了工人的工资。文中提到了过工人受到较好的教育水平是一个决定工资高低的原因。这是发达国家与发展中国家工人工资有差异的一个因素。但是并不能说明为什么在有些发展中国家的公司产量上升依旧不给以高的工资(前者是发展中国家与发达国家比——横比,题目问的是发展中国家自己和自己比——纵比)

 


 

【智哥点评】:这篇文章乍一看,作者的逻辑性好像有点问题,先说职位少,又说工资去了。但其实如果细致分析一下,也就明白了:原文一开始说发展中国家低工资——导致发达国家工作机会可能减少后文一直说发展中国家的工资随着产能增加而增高,那就不会影响到发达国家的工作机会了。只要理解这个逻辑之后,文章整体难度不大,题目也不难

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